When I first read Robert Frost’s poem “Out, Out–“ about a boy getting killed in a chainsaw accident, I cringed at the final sentence: “And they, since they/ Were not the one dead, turned to their affairs.”
How could they be so calloused? I thought. That boy just died, and they “turned to their affairs”?
I now understand that we must often turn to our affairs despite tragedy or else nothing would get done. Held down, scarred over, and silenced with whiteout, our memories remain, but we move on. There’s even a sort of stoic courage there.
Egypt has resurfaced in the news as the violence worsens. As of this writing, the mainstream media has confirmed over 800 people dead since unrest began. That doesn’t count the thousands of injured. The burned churches. The torched and dismantled government buildings. The barricades. The shattered lives. The unconfirmed dead. The fear.
Another teacher I worked with reported on a blog how a priest she knows was riding in car when a man with a knife started chasing him. The fast-thinking driver saved the priest’s life.
“Today this same priest told me that priests in Egypt fear being led like sheep to the slaughter,” the teacher wrote.
It’s one image in a complicated mosaic.
“It was a hell,” a doctor said about the violence a few weeks ago. I can’t imagine what he’d say now, with hundreds dying and motorcycles carrying bodies back from front lines to makeshift morgues in mosques.
I, too, worry about the friends I made, the places I saw, the people I shook hands with. They are more than statistics. The grease and dust from their hands has washed off, but I still feel it. I still hear their stories, remember their smiles. Every update makes me think of them.
I want to mourn or fight, but I must “turn to my affairs”–so says that voice inside my head, that voice that points to all the practical, at-hand problems I must deal with: loans, money, drivers’ tests, GRE exams, messy kitchens.
I’m getting them done, but my mind is still in Egypt.
A few people have asked me for my “reaction” or “thoughts” to the recent violence. I’ve given a few answers. Nothing substantial. I can’t fit it into a few words spritzed over a fence or wheedled into the phone between one task and another. Perhaps, even, words are not enough, but I’ll make an effort.
My first thoughts return to philosophy. I think of Camus who argued in The Rebel that revolutions become problems because they place a principle above human life. The moment they do, he argues, the revolution turns against those who started it and becomes another Reign of Terror.
I also think of Hannah Arendt’s Human Condition. She argues that the problem with most political movements–revolutions among them–is that they do not treat “the people” as a social unit. They treat them like a unified pawn to be be moved by major forces, forgetting that people comprise “the people” and people are not predicable.
Spelled out, it’s an obvious error, and we still make it.
Then I remember Gandhi and Satyagraha: that every person is a part of Truth and if you kill even one person, you’re destroying a piece of that Truth. That’s why nonviolence is so essential: it’s the only means to Truth. As he wrote in a 1910 leaflet, “Victory attained by violence is tantamount to a defeat.”
But philosophy can only go so far. I need images.
I think of two in particular. First, Karanis. My first summer in Egypt, a few of us took a day-trip to Fayoum, an oasis outside of Cairo. After rumbling through the desert for an hour, seeing nothing but blanched billboards, sand, and cemeteries, we pulled off to see Karanis, ruins of a Greek city from the first century B.C.
Our guide, accompanied by some men in the tourist police, walked us into the ruins. Most were spilled bricks and toppled columns swamped by the sand. In the middle, raised above the others by stone, stood the temple, once dedicated to crocodile gods.
We stepped inside and one of the tourist police led me to an overlook. A few of us stood on the shelf of brick and sand atop the old temple. The ruins stretched around us, like wrecks stranded in a sea of beige. The sun beat down. The wind kicked up sand and wrung the moister from our mouths.
The sense of death was overwhelming.
Hundreds of years ago, people gossiped, prayed, lived, and died in the shadow cast by that temple. They’re all dead. The stones themselves fight a losing battle with the desert. One horizon is a brutal expanse of beige that falls into the blank, blue sky. On the other, the modern city of Fayoum seems to sinks into sand.
I recalled Shelley’s poem “Ozymandias” that concludes:
And on the pedestal these words appear:
“My name is Ozymandias, king of kings:
Look on my works, ye Mighty, and despair!”
Nothing beside remains. Round the decay
Of that colossal wreck, boundless and bare
The lone and level sands stretch far away.
The second image hit me while visiting Coptic Cairo, one of Cairo’s oldest sections. We wandered on old stone roads that connected churches, cemeteries, and small shops. Down one sinuous alley beneath the road, a man tried to sell us books, his plastic shelves hung from the walls.
“Don’t tell the police about us,” he told me. “We are illegal.”
Modern-day Copts venerated the bodies of their saints, folded in red cloth behind glass, as fans lapped against the still, perfumed air of the churches. Outside, the tanned, torn posters leftover from the election joined the scraps of garbage in the shallow gutters. A few stayed on the walls.
As we were walking beside the Church of Saint Barbara, being hounded by a guard who wanted baksheesh, I saw two young people walking together, obviously in love, holding hands. They passed us in a few moments, absorbed in each other.
People have been in love here for thousands of years, I thought. And still are.
Despite the violence through the ages, as Egypt passed between empires and rulers, everyday people have carried on through their lives. Despite horrors, life goes on, perhaps broken and torn, but marching forward nonetheless. The lovers were just one example.
I now recall a beautiful poem by Wislawa Szymborska, a polish poet after World War II. It begins:
we also state the following:
life goes on.
It does so near Cannae and Borodino,
at Kosovo Polje and Guernica.
In 2012, I saw those two images–Karanis and the lovers in Coptic Cairo–cradled by the Revolution and the election, with all the potentials those brought. Now, I see them in the midst of Egypt’s horrific violence. I think of Karanis, all the dusty death and spilt pillars–the cruel silence–and connect it to the violence in the streets, the body bags and death.
The two lovers challenge this. No one builds monuments to everyday people or venerates them in churches. But they live on through the ages, despite everything. A child once smiled for her mother thousands of years ago. Right now, at this moment, I bet another child is doing the same thing. That human act is resilient–despite time, violence, and death.
And sometimes we forget how powerful that is: that life goes on.
But what does that have to do with Egypt? To me, it’s a silent prayer. The pain afflicting Egypt is impossible for me to understand. The complexity of the situation is impossible to probe. I can only know what I know: the basic facts that things fade and die, that suffering hurts and humiliates, and that most people just want to live.
And I pray that others see this, too, because it’s one of the few things that unite us.
I do not put my faith in a particular person, or group, or nation. Instead, I put it in the two lovers. I put it in the man standing behind the counter at the café who smiled as I stumbled through my Arabic. I put it in the quiet man on the Cairo subway who asked me to sit next to him so he could show me pictures of his baby boy.
I cry seeing a world where labels blind, dogma paralyzes, and violence ensues. I wince hearing the “still, sad music of humanity” that never seems to go away. And I echo what Szymborska wrote after WWII in “A Century’s Decline”:
Anyone who planned to enjoy the world
is now faced
with a hopeless task.
But we continue. And perhaps, below my pessimism and cynicism, my gallows humor and brooding, I’m an optimist, because I believe that what is good will also continue.
What is my reaction to Egypt? I believe that the best reaction to anything is to uphold what’s human and deplore what kills. I’m against the Brotherhood, who have oppressed Christians, organized attacks, used poverty to manipulate people, and imposed their will on a society that doesn’t all share it. I’m against the military who have used violence and propaganda to impose their order for generations. I’m against the violence. I’m against the hate.
But I’m for the thousands of solitary individuals working to feed their families in bombed-out houses, manipulated by factions, ambivalent and uncertain, struggling. However I can help them, I will. And for now, I think, I can only be a witness and say:
The Egyptians are good people. They are beautiful human beings and I love them.
5 thoughts on “Egypt: a reaction”
Incredible post Brett, your feelings mirror mine in many ways. It is frustrating to essentially see the helplessness of the situation, especially being here in the States. A few days ago, I had a similar discussion with a friend of mine who traveled with me to Cairo…we feel guilty “turning to our affairs.” Your post here helped.
Your posts, in general, are incredibly insightful and I always walk away with something wonderful. Today, in addition to the above, I was fascinated by your reference to Camus and the scary reality of “revolutions become problems because they place a principle above human life.”
Thanks, Dalo, I’ve heard that from a few people. I think it’s nice to know that many of us feel helpless in the face of so much destruction and acknowledge that survivor’s guilt from being part of a secure, prosperous country in such an uncertain world.
And I’m glad my writing leaves you with something. It’s always my favorite thing about writing. I feel like we’re all lost, trying to make sense of things and a writer “essays” a certain idea or image in a piece of writing. Like a fellow traveler, he or she accompanies you on your own journey and shares his or her insights.
Thanks for the comment and have a nice day.
Reblogged this on victormiguelvelasquez.
I am just starting to look through your blog. This is another wonderful post and I couldn’t help but reflect that it mirrors in many respects the sentiments I expressed in the following post about recent events in Turkey:
It really does capture a lot of the same ideas. It’ll be interesting to see what the future of resistance and protest v. power and surveillance is, with technology and everything.
Thanks for coming by again. I’m looking forward to exploring more of your blog as well, once I get a good chance.